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Title

Subtitle

Tenants of ITF Taekwon-Do 

24 TULS (Patterns) of ITF TKD

The life of a human being, perhaps 100 years, can be considered as a day when compared with eternity.Therefore, we mortals are no more than simple travelers who pass by the eternal years of an eon in a day. It is evident that no one can live more than a limited amount of time. Nevertheless, most people foolishly enslave themselves to materialism as if they could live for thousands of years. And some people strive to bequeath a good spiritual legacy for coming generations, in this way, gaining immortality. Obviously, the spirit is perpetual while material is not; therefore, what we can do to leave behind something for the welfare of mankind is, perhaps, the most important thing in our lives.

"Here I leave Taekwondo for mankind as a trace of man of the late 20th century. The 24 patterns represent 24 hours, one day, or all my life. The name of the pattern, the number of movements, and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolizes either heroic figures in Korean history or instances relating to historical events."

~General Choi Hong Hi

Pattern practice enables the student to go through many fundamental movements in series, to develop sparring techniques, improve flexibility of movements, master body shifting, build muscles and breath control, develop fluid and smooth motions, and gain rhythmical movements.It also enables a student to acquire certain special techniques which cannot be obtained from either fundamental exercises or sparring. In short, a pattern can be compared with a unit tactic or a word, if fundamental movement is an individual soldier's training or alphabet. Accordingly, pattern, the ledger of every movement, is a series of sparring, power, feats and characteristic beauty.

 

Saju Makgi

Four direction block

 

Saju Jurugi

Four direction punch

 

Important Points While Performing Patterns 

-Patterns should begin and end at exactly the same spot. This will indicate the performer's accuracy.

-Correct posture and facing must be maintained at all times.

-Muscles of the body should be either tensed or relaxed at the proper critical moments in the exercise.

-The exercise should be performed in a rhythmic movement with an absence of stiffness.

-Movement should be accelerated or decelerated according to the instruction of the senior instructor.

-Each pattern should be perfected before moving to the next.

-Students should know the purpose of each movement.

-Students should perform each movement with realism.

-Attack and defense techniques should be equally distributed among right and left hands and feet.

Black belt patterns (1st DAN)

 

Chon-Ji tul

CHON- JI

Means literally " the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.


 

 

 

Dan-Gun tul

DAN-GUN

Is named after the holy Tan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 B.C.

 

 



 

 

Do-San tul

DO-SAN

Is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938) The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.


 

 

Won-Hyo tul

WON-HYO

was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D.



 

Yul-Gok tul

YUL-GOK

Is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi l (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea" The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".



 

 

Joong-Gun tul

JOONG-GUN

Is named after the patriot Ahn Chun-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed in a Lui-Shung prison (1910).

 

 

 

Toi-Gye tul

TOI-GYE

Is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 latitude, the diagram represents " scholar".

 

 

 

Hwa-Rang tul

HWA-RANG

Is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.



 

 

Choong-Moo tul

CHOONG-MOO

Was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.

 

 

 

Testing

 

 

WHITE BELT:  (10th Gup)

Q.  Know the meaning of white belt.

A.   White Belt:  Signifies innocence, as that of a beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do.

Q  The number of moves, meaning and diagram of SAJU-CHRUGI. 

A.  SAJU-CHRUGI - Four direction punch with 14 moves.  The diagram is a plus sign

Q. The number of moves, meaning and diagram of SAJU-MAKY. 

A.  SAJU-MAKY - Four direction block with 16 moves.  The diagram is a plus sign.

 

 

WHITE BELT/YELLOW STRIPE:  (9th Gup)

Q.  Know the meaning of yellow belt. 

A.  Yellow Belt:  Signifies earth, from which a plant sprouts and takes root as a Taekwon-Do foundation is being laid.

Q.  The number of moves, meaning and diagram of CHON-JI.   

A.  CHON-JI:  means literally "the Heaven the Earth."  It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of      human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner.  This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.  19 Movements.  The diagram is a plus sign.

Q.  Know the meaning of white belt. 

A.  White Belt:  Signifies innocence, as that of a beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do.

 

 

YELLOW BELT:  (8th Gup)

Q.  Know the meaning of yellow belt. 

A.  Yellow Belt:  Signifies earth, from which a plant sprouts and takes root as a Taekwon-Do foundation is being laid.

Q.  The number of moves, meaning and diagram of DAN-GUN.   

A.  DAN-GUN:  is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2,333 B.C.  21 Movements.  The diagram is a capital I.

 

 

YELLOW BELT/GREEN STRIPE:  (7th Gup)

Q.  Know the meaning of yellow belt. 

A.  Yellow Belt:  Signifies earth, from which a plant sprouts and takes root as a Taekwon-Do foundation is being laid.

Q.  The number of moves, meaning and diagram of DO-SAN.   

A.  DO-SAN:  is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938).  The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.  24 Movements.  The diagram is backward Z.

Q.  Know the meaning of green belt.

A.  Green Belt:  Signifies the plants growth as the Taekwon-Do skills begin to develop.

 

 

GREEN BELT:  (6th Gup)

Q.  Know the meaning of green belt.

A.  Green Belt:  Signifies the plants growth as the Taekwon-Do skills begin to develop.

Q.  The number of moves of WON-HYO.  

A.  28 Movements.

Q.  The diagram of WON-HYO.                    

A.    The diagram is a capital I.

Q.  The meaning of WON-HYO.

A.  WON-HYO:  was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D. 

 

 

GREEN BELT/BLUE STRIPE: (5th Gup)

Q.  Know the meaning of green belt.

A. Signifies the plants growth as the Taekwon-Do skills begin to develop.

Q.  The number of moves of YUL-GOK.  

A.  38 movements  

Q.  The diagram of YUL-GOK.                    

A.  

Q.  The meaning of YUL-GOK.

A.   YUL-GOK  is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea."  The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 degree  latitude and the diagram represents "scholar." 

Q.  The meaning of blue belt.

A.  Blue Belt:  Signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses.

 

 

BLUE BELT:  (4th Gup)

Q.  Know the meaning of blue belt.

A.  Blue Belt:  Signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses.

Q.  The number of moves of JOONG-GUN.

A.   32 movements

Q.  The diagram of JOONG-GUN.                  

A.   The  diagram is a capital I.

Q.  The meaning of JOONG-GUN.

A.  JOONG-GUN is named after the patriot Ahn Joon-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger.  There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910). 

 

 

BLUE BELT/RED STRIPE:  (3rd Gup)

Q.  Know the meaning of blue belt.

A.  Blue Belt:  Signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses.

Q.  The number of moves of TOI-GYE.

A.   37 movements.

Q.  The diagram of TOI-GYE.                  

A.   The diagram is a scholar

Q.  The meaning of TOI-GYE. 

A.   TOI-GYE:  Is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism.  The 37 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37th latitude, the  diagram represents "scholar." 

Q.  The meaning of red belt.

A.   Red Belt:  Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.

 

 

RED BELT:  (2nd Gup)

Q.  Know the meaning of red belt.

A.   Red Belt:  Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.

Q.  The number of moves of HWA-RANG.

A.  29 movements

Q.  The diagram of HWA-RANG.                 

A.   The diagram is a capital I

Q.  The meaning of HWA-RANG.

A.   HWA-RANG:  is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century.  The 29th movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity. 

 

 

RED BELT/BLACK STRIPE:  (1st Gup)

Q.  Know the meaning of all belts.

Q.  The number of moves of all patterns, including CHOONG-MOO.

A.   30 movements

Q.  The diagram of all patterns, including CHOONG-MOO.

A.   The diagram is a capital I.

Q.  The meaning of all patterns, including CHOONG-MOO.

A.   CHOONG-MOO:  was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty.  He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine.  The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king. 

Q.  The meaning of Black Belt.

A.   Black Belt:  Opposite of white, therefore, signifies the maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do.  Also indicates the wearer's imperviousness to darkness and fear.